The 1996 final peace agreement divided the implementation mechanism for the 1976 Tripoli Agreement into two phases: this issue focuses on part of the organization of peace: negotiations between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the MNLF, which resulted in a political settlement signed in September 1996. The final grP-MNLF peace agreement was an important step in many ways. Until now, all attempts to negotiate the end of 24 years of civil war, in which more than 120,000 people died, had failed to define a lasting settlement. In 1976, when Libya and other members of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) convinced the Philippine government and MNLF leaders to accept regional autonomy as a compromise, a solution seemed close. But the consensus reached in the “Tripoli Agreement” dissolved into disputes over its implementation and, within six months, the brutal war had resumed. Nearly 20 years later, the Tripoli agreement remained the framework for the final consensus between the Philippine government and the MNLF, itself promoted by the Islamic States. Both sides had overcome the contradictions resulting from a long war and mistrust resulting from the non-implementation of previous agreements. Not only had the negotiators tackled these difficulties, but they also seemed to have become friends during the four years of discussions – indicating the hope that this time peace was close. On 2 September 1996, at the signing of the agreement, President Fidel Ramos said: “This peace agreement is fully in line with our aspirations for peace and development for all, especially the millions of poor and destitute masses in our southern regions.” MNLF President Nur Misuari was also optimistic, although a little more cautious: “We need to warn people not to expect too much, but that`s not an excuse for not maximizing our efforts either.” RA 9054 also repeats the language of the 1996 peace agreement on the creation of the office of the deputy administrator of the tribunal, but the office was not created and none of the three appointments cited were made1 The list of offices of the Philippine Ministry of Justice (DOJ) does not contain a list for the position of deputy administrator of the tribunal for the ARMM.2 Ten years after the signing of the peace agreement , reports the CCA of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) that it has implemented the provisions of Sharia law and indicates that there are five District Sharia Courts and 30 District Sharia Courts within the ARMM.


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