1.29 This review was based on the principles of accountability before Parliament and the results achieved for Canadians and examined how the Canadian federal government is responsible for the outcome of its international environmental agreements. We have selected five agreements to use as audit case studies. We have opted for agreements that reflect different and important environmental issues and represent clear environmental objectives. We have also focused on agreements that have a clear impact on the Canadian environment and for which the federal government is primarily responsible within Canada. The selected international environmental agreements (and responsible federal departments) are: Canada`s multilateral environmental agreements include air, biodiversity and ecosystems, chemicals and waste, climate change, environmental cooperation, oceans and oceans, and meteorology.  Canada has taken an initiative because of the diversity of Canada`s natural resources, climate and populated areas, all of which can contribute to environmental stress. 1.99 We found that Fisheries and Oceans Canada is aware of the status of straddling and large migratory fish stocks, which are analyzed using information such as abundance, biomass and breeding biomass. However, based on our selected fisheries, we also found that measurable conservation targets were set and accepted only for halibut and bluefin tuna. As a result, the Department or international administrative organizations have not always determined the level of stock conservation or conservation. In such cases, the actual condition or level of these stocks cannot be verified against their desired or expected status and it is not possible to determine to what extent the UNFA conservation objective is achieved. Several nations have united on their own to conclude international agreements on how to preserve, protect and maintain the earth`s natural resources.
These international agreements and treaties are often developed at large meetings or conventions involving representatives of different interested nations. 1.16 Because international environmental agreements reflect the federal government`s major environmental policy, Canadians should know what has been achieved and what has not been achieved through these agreements. In line with the federal agenda and commitments, we are committed to reviewing accountability for the outcome of some international environmental agreements. 1.91 Ocean ecosystems and the environmental and human impact on fish stocks, however, are very complex and are only partially understood. As a result, fisheries science is a challenge and reflects significant uncertainties over most years, including the assessment of fish stocks and expected conservation outcomes. In addition, we interviewed officials from the Privy Council Office, Treasury Secretariat and Foreign Affairs Canada to identify and better understand the key government processes and mechanisms available to ensure accountability for results as soon as the agreements are in place. 1.72 Marine Inspections. Transport Canada`s Port State Control is a program in which inspections of foreign vessels are conducted at major Canadian ports to ensure compliance with key international law of the sea conventions, including the MARPOL Convention. Transport Canada reports that the share of marine pollution-related defects on ships, including inadequate certificates, flight records, oil records or pollution control equipment, decreased between 1998 and 2002. In 2002, 525 inspections revealed deficiencies and 4.4% of these deficiencies related to marine pollution (compared to 587 inspections and 6% of marine pollution deficiencies in 1998).